IntContainerwhich stores an integer and allows certain operations to be performed: def __init__(self, i): self.i = int(i) def add_one(self): self.i += 1 ic.add_one() print(ic.i)
This is a bit of a silly example, but shows the fundamental nature of classes: their ability to bundle data and operations into a single object, which leads to cleaner, more manageable, and more adaptable code. Additionally, classes can inherit properties from parents and add or specialize attributes and methods. This object-oriented approach to programming can be very intuitive and powerful.
What many do not realize, though, is that quite literally everything in the Python language is an object.